We are told that he is a kinsman of Beowulf, the last of the Waegmunding clan. As he dies, Beowulf passes the kingdom on to the brave and loyal Wiglaf. The Danish leader, Hnaef, is killed in the combat.
Beowulf comes to the assistance of the Danes Scyldings for complicated reasons. The Danes, homesick and bitter, pass a long winter with the Frisians. It is Unferth, however, who gives Beowulf a sword with which to fight Grendel's mother, in order to make amends.
As she drags him into her cave beneath the lake, her revenge peaks because this is the very man who killed her son. Though he is Christian, he cannot and does not seem to want to deny the fundamental pagan values of the story. She attacks Heorot because someone there killed her son.
For example, the poet relates that the Danish Hildeburh marries the Frisian king. Now deceased, Ecgtheow had killed a leader of another tribe in a blood feud.
Thus individual actions can be seen only as either conforming to or violating the code. In this section of the poem. In particular, we see the idea of loyalty touched on primarily in the loyalty of warriors to their lord.
Thus, the suggestion is that, if one breaks the code of loyalty, the foundations of society and government represented here by the king are in grave danger. Throughout the poem, the poet strains to accommodate these two sets of values. Although aggressive in war, Beowulf has "no savage mind" and never kills his comrades when drinking, an important quality in the heroic world of the mead-hall.
One of the central themes of Beowulf, embodied by its title character, is loyalty. Traditional and much respected, this code is vital to warrior societies as a means of understanding their relationships to the world and the menaces lurking beyond their boundaries.
The Importance of Establishing Identity As Beowulf is essentially a record of heroic deeds, the concept of identity—of which the two principal components are ancestral heritage and individual reputation—is clearly central to the poem.
Characters in the poem are unable to talk about their identity or even introduce themselves without referring to family lineage. He delights in raiding Heorot because it is the symbol of everything that he detests about men: Although Wiglaf is not his offspring, Beowulf thinks of him as a son when the dying king, unable to stand, briefly reflects on his life and passes control of Geatland on to the brave young retainer.
Wealth and power are the goals in a warrior society, and all relationships are founded on the ability to obtain wealth and distribute that wealth freely to those upon whom a leader must rely to obtain more wealth or land or, in rare cases, a lasting peace, as Beowulf did for the Geats.
The incident with the dragon occurs because a Geat slave steals a golden cup from its lair, which teaches the evils of greed. Queen Hygd offers Beowulf the throne after her husband dies, thinking that her young son Heardred is unable to protect the kingdom; Beowulf refuses and serves the young king faithfully.
When it is clear that Beowulf is in trouble in his battle facing the dragon, most of his warriors flee and fail to protect their king.
After killing Grendel's mother, Beowulf is given many gifts by Hrothgar, including an heirloom sword. This is the honor code that exists between the king, or feudal lord, and his warriors, sometimes called "thanes" or "retainers.
Beowulf is challenged by Unferth, one of Hrothgar's warriors who doubts him. Thus, the suggestion is that, if one breaks the code of loyalty, the foundations of society and government represented here by the king are in grave danger.
Consistent with the heroic code, they promised to come to the assistance of their king if he ever needed them. Although he and Wiglaf kill the dragon, the king dies.
Conversely, we also occasionally see the ramifications of the lack of loyalty. Dating back to between the 8th and 11th centuries and set in Scandinavia, the poem likely was used to teach lessons to young warriors of the day, says Alexander M.
We see this relationship at work several times in the poem. An improper queen would be one like Modthrytho ff. Old enmities die hard and often disrupt attempts at peace, as the poet recognizes.
Tensions Between the Heroic Code and Other Value Systems Much of Beowulf is devoted to articulating and illustrating the Germanic heroic code, which values strength, courage, and loyalty in warriors; hospitality, generosity, and political skill in kings; ceremoniousness in women; and good reputation in all people.
Beowulf returns to Geatland and eventually becomes king. This tribute then becomes the mechanism by which the bond between Scyld and his warriors is sealed. Wiglaf is a young warrior in the service of his king, Beowulf.The Importance of Establishing Identity and loyalty in warriors; hospitality, generosity, and political skill in kings; ceremoniousness in women; and good reputation in all people.
The difference between these two sets of values manifests itself early on in the outlooks of Beowulf and King Hrothgar. Whereas the youthful Beowulf, having. Hrothgar hosts a great banquet in honor of Beowulf. He bestows upon him weapons, armor, treasure, and eight of his finest horses. He then presents Beowulf’s men with rewards and compensates the Geats with gold for the Geatish warrior that Grendel killed.
His loyalty to his diseased father remains strong and he knew that a favor of that which his father received needed to be compensated for. This feature that is found in Beowulf shows that a warrior is the best when he can lower himself to the position of a servant and induce closure for his adopted bearings.
Loyalty is an important theme in Beowulf, perhaps one of the most important themes. In particular, we see the idea of loyalty touched on primarily in the loyalty of warriors.
Beowulf worked mostly out of loyalty, he tried to be a servant to his king Hygelac by creating peaceful friendship between the Geats and Danes by defeating Grendel and his mother. Beowulf's unselfishness and unfailing loyalty gave him quite a reputation and much popularity with both the Danes and Geats subjects and their kings.
Beowulf leaves a great deal of mortal treasure because he wants his reputation as a loyal king to live on in the hearts of those who have benefited from his previous choices and loyalty. list Cite.Download